Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal

Home page





● Boulay M., Al Haddad M., Rul F. 2020. Streptococcus thermophilus growth in soya milk:sucrose consumption, nitrogen metabolism soya protein hydrolysis and role of the cell-wall protease PrtS. International Journal of Food Microbiology 16, 335:108903; doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108903

● Lingeswaran A., Metton C., Henry C., Monnet V., Juillard V., Gardan R. 2020. Export of Rgg quorum sensing peptides is mediated by the PptAB ABC transporter in Streptococcus thermophilus LMD-9. Genes 11, 1096; doi: 10.3390/genes11091096.

● Lortal S., El Mecherfi K. E., Mariotti F., Eutamène H., Rul F., Champomier-Vergès M. C., Savary-Auzeloux I. 2020. Aliments fermentés & bénéfices santé : un défi pour la recherche Fermented foods & health benefits: A challenge for research. Cahiers de nutrition et de diététique, 55, 136-147.

● Proust L., Haudebourg E., Sourabié A., Pedersen A., Besançon I., Monnet V., Juillard V. 2020.  Multi-omics approach reveals how yeast extract peptides shape Streptococcus thermophilus metabolism. Applied and Environemental Microbiology. 86, 22:e01446-20; doi: 10.1128/AEM.01446-20




● Henry, C., Haller, L., Blein-Nicolas, M., Zivy, M., Canette, A., Verbrugghe M., Mézange, C., Boulay, M., Gardan, R., Samson, S., Martin, V., André-Leroux, G., Monnet, V. 2019. Identification of Hanks-Type kinase PknB-specific targets in the Streptococcus thermophilus phosphoproteome. Frontiers in Microbiology, 10, article 1329. Doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.01329.

● Proust, L., Sourabié, A., Pedersen, M., Besançon, I., Haudebourg, E., Monnet, V., Juillard, V. 2019. Insights into the complexity of yeast extract peptides and their utilization by Streptococcus thermophilus. Frontiers in Microbiology




● Couvigny B., Kulakauskas S., Pons N., Quinquis B., Abraham A.-L., Meylheuc T., Delorme C., Renault P., Briandet R., Lapaque N., Guédon E. (2018) Identification of new factors modulating adhesion abilities of the pioneer commensal bacterium Streptococcus salivarius. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, article 273.

● Dahmane N., Robert E., Deschamps J., Meylheuc T., Delorme C., Briandet R., Leblond-Bourget N., Guédon E., Payot S. (2018) Impact of Cell Surface Molecules on Conjugative Transfer of the Integrative and Conjugative Element ICESt3 of Streptococcus thermophilus. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 84, 70-81.

● Fernandez N., Wrzosek L., Radziwill-Bienkowska J. M., Ringot-Destrez B., Duviau M.-P., Noordine M.-L., Laroute V., Robert V., Cherbuy C., Daveran-Mingot, M.-L., Cocaign Bousquet M., Léonard R., Robert-Masselot C., Rul F., Ogier-Denis E., Thomas M. and Mercier Bonin, M. 2018. Characterization of mucus-related properties of Streptococcus thermophilus: from adhesion to induction. Frontiers in Physiology. DOI : 10.3389/fphys.2018.00980.

● Proust L., Loux V., Martin V., Magnabosco C., Pedersen M., Juillard V. (2018) Complete genome sequence of the industrial fast-acidifying strain Streptococcus thermophilus N4L. Microbiol. Resour. Announc. 7, e01029-18.




● Delorme C., Legravet N., Jamet E., Hoarau C., Alexandre B., El-Sharoud W. M., Darwish M. S., Renault P. (2017) Study of Streptococcus thermophilus population on a world-wide and historical collection by a new MLST scheme. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 242, 70-81.

● Rul F. Yogurt: Microbiology, Organoleptic Properties and Probiotic Potential.  Chp 19,  pp 419-450.  In: Fermented Foods—Part II: Technological Intervention. Food Biology Series. R. C. Ray and D. Montet (Ed), CRC Press.




● Franza T., Delavenne E., Derré-Bobillot A., Juillard V., Boulay M., Demey E., Vinh J., Lamberet G., Gaudu P. (2016) A partial metabolic pathway enables group b streptococcus to overcome quinone deficiency in a host bacterial community. Molecular Microbiology, 102, 81-91.

● Guillot A., Boulay M., Chambellon E., Gitton C., Monnet V., Juillard V. (2016) Mass spectrometry analysis of the extracellular peptidome of Lactococcus lactis: lines of evidence for the co-existence of extracellular protein hydrolysis and intracellular peptide excretion. Journal of Proteome Research, 15, 3214-3224.

● Juillard V., Lopez-Kleine L., Monnet V. (2016) Proteolytic systems of lactic acid bacteria. In The reference Module in Food sciences. Elsevier Ed.

● Pedersen H.K., Gudmundsdottir V., Nielsen H.B., ... ; MetaHIT Consortium, ..., Ehrlich S.D., Pedersen O. (2016) Human gut microbes impact host serum metabolome and insulin sensitivity. Nature, 535:376-381.

● Pérez-Pascual D., Monnet V., Gardan R. (2016) Bacterial cell-cell communication in the host via RRNPP peptide-binding regulators. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7, article 706.




● Couvigny B., de Wouters T., Kaci G., Jacouton E., Delorme C., Doré J., Renault P., Blottière H. M., Guédon E., Lapaque N. (2015) Commensal Streptococcus salivarius modulates PPAR gamma transcriptional activity in human intestinal epithelial cells. Plos One, 10, e0125371.

● Delorme C., Abraham A.-L., Renault P., Guédon E. (2015) Genomics of Streptococcus salivarius, a major human commensal. Infection Genetics and Evolution, 33, 381-392.

● Forslund K., Hildebrand F., ....; MetaHIT consortium, ..., Ehrlich SD., Bork P., Pedersen O. (2015) Disentangling type 2 diabetes and metformin treatment signatures in the human gut microbiota. Nature,528: 262-266.

● Monnet V., Gardan R. (2015) Quorum-sensing regulators in Gram-positive bacteria: 'cherchez le peptide'. Molecular Microbiology, 97, 181-184.

● Pérez-Pascual D., Gaudu P., Fleuchot B., Besset C., Guillot A., Monnet V., Gardan R..(2015) RovS and its associated signaling peptide form a cell-to-cell communication system required for Streptococcus agalactiae pathogenesis. mBio, 6, e02306-14.

● Rul F., Monnet V. (2015) How microbes communicate in food: a review of signaling molecules and their impact on food quality. Current Opinion in Food Science, 2, 100-105.

● Vale P.F., Lafforgue G., Gatchitch F., Gardan R., Moineau S., Gandon S. (2015) Costs of CRISPR-Cas-mediated resistance in Streptococcus thermophilus. Proceedings of the royal society B, 282, 20151270.




● Li J, Jia H,…. Ehrlich SD; MetaHIT Consortium, Bork P, Wang J. 2014. An integrated catalog of reference genes in the human gut microbiome. Nat. Biotechnol.

● Louesdon S., Charlot-Rougé S., Juillard V., Tourdot-Maréchal R., Béal C. (2014) Osmotic stress affects the stability of freeze-dried Lactobacillus buchneri R1102 as a result of intracellular betaine accumulation and membrane characteristics. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 117, 196-207.

● Nielsen HB, Almeida M., ….. MetaHIT Consortium, Renault P., Sicheritz-Ponten T., Bork P., Wang J., Brunak S., Ehrlich SD. (2014) Identification and assembly of genomes and genetic elements in complex metagenomic samples without using reference genomes. Nat. Biotechnol.

● Monnet V., Juillard V., Gardan R. (2014) Peptide conversations in Gram-positive bacteria. Critical Reviews in Microbiology, 8, 1-13.

● Thévenard B., Besset C., Choinard S., Fourcassié P., Boyaval P., Monnet V., Rul, F. (2014) Response of S. thermophilus LMD-9 to bacitracin: involvement of a BceRS/AB-like module and of the rhamnose-glucose polysaccharide synthesis pathway. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 177, 89-97.




● De Cardianos, L.P.G., Garcia-Cayuela, T., Yvon, M., Martinez-Cuesta, M.C., Pelaez, C., Requena, T. (2013) Inactivation of the panE gene in Lactococcus lactis enhances formation of cheese aroma. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 79, 3503-3506.

● Fleuchot B., Guillot A., Mézange C., Besset C., Chambellon E., Monnet V., Gardan R. (2013) Rgg-associated SHP signaling peptides mediate cross-talk in streptococci. Plos One, 8(6):e66042.

● Fontaine L., Goffin P., Dubout H., Delplace B., Baulard A., Lecat-Guillet N., Chambellon E., Gardan R., Hols P. (2013) Mechanism of competence activation by the ComRS signalling system in streptococci. Molecular Microbiology, 87, 1113-1132.

● Gardan R., Besset C., Gitton C., Guillot A., Fontaine L., Hols P., Monnet V. (2013) The extracellular life cycle of ComS, the competence stimulating peptide of Streptococcus thermophilus. Journal of Bacteriology, 195, 1845-1855.

● Kaci G., Goudercourt D., Dennin V., Pot B., Doré J., Ehrlich S. D., Renault P., Blottière H. M., Daniel C., Delorme C. (2013) Anti-Inflammatory properties of Streptococcus salivarius, a commensal bacterium of the oral cavity and digestive tract. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80, 928-934.

● Le Chatelier E, Nielsen T, Qin J, Prifti E, …, Raes J, Hansen T; and MetaHIT consortium.(2013) Richness of human gut microbiome correlates with metabolic markers. Nature, 500: 541-546.

● Michelon D., Tachon S., Ebel B., de Coninck J., Feron G., Gervais P., Yvon M., Cachon R. (2013) Screening of lactic acid bacteria for reducing power using tetrazolium salt reduction on milk agar. Journal of Biosciences and Bioengineering, 115, 229-232.

● Rul F., Zagorec M., Champomier-Verges M. (2013) Lactic acid bacteria in fermented food. In: Proteomics in Food: principles and applications. F. Toldra and L. M. L. Nollet (Ed), Springer Science+Business Media New York.

● Thomas M., Wrzosek L., Rul F., Langella P. (2013) Les animaux gnotobiotiques: pour mieux comprendre le microbiote intestinal. Bulletin de l'Académie Vétérinaire de France, 1, 19-23.